Pipeline package packaging has become an increasingly common part of pipeline management and pipeline security protocols, and keystone pipeline infrastructure is one of the few remaining examples of such an infrastructure.
The Keystone XL Pipeline project is a key component of the proposed Keystone XL Transcontinental Pipeline project, and while keystone pipelines have received a great deal of attention due to the ongoing threat of earthquakes in the region, pipeline package packaging is only one component of a pipeline security program that should be considered.
In this article, we will discuss keystone package packaging and the risk of keystone infrastructure breaches, with a particular focus on the Keystone pipeline.
Keystone Pipeline Keystone pipeline security is a complex topic.
There are various mechanisms and techniques that are used to secure pipeline infrastructure, including: physical security measures (such as sealant and fireproofing) and physical security techniques (such androids).
Physical security measures The physical security of pipeline infrastructure can be described as both physical and psychological.
Physical security involves physically separating the pipeline from the infrastructure.
This physical separation can occur by either physical barrier or physical access, depending on the infrastructure’s security requirements.
Physical barrier The physical barrier is the first physical barrier to the pipeline that must be present to prevent the pipeline’s entrance into the environment.
Physical barriers can be physically separated from the pipeline by physical barriers such as gates, fences, or barriers.
Physical access The physical access is the third physical barrier and is usually the most physical barrier that must remain in the pipeline.
Physical entrance of the pipeline into the infrastructure is typically accomplished through the physical barrier.
Physical entry of the pipelines pipeline is usually accomplished through an automatic or manual valve.
Automatic valve This type of valve, often called a valve box, has a valve at the end of the pipe, which allows a person to manually close the valve.
Manual valve This is the most common type of automatic valve.
The valve is located on the side of the valve box and opens automatically when the valve is closed.
A person opens the valve by pushing a button, which is connected to a valve in the valvebox.
In the case of manual valve, the valve closes automatically when it is pushed, and then the valve can be opened manually by the user.
A valve is not a door, and can be placed anywhere along the pipeline, and no valve is needed.
Physical and psychological barriers physical security is an integral part of the security of pipelines infrastructure, and physical barriers are often physical barriers that are physically separated.
Physical separation of the infrastructure from the physical barriers is accomplished through physical separation.
Physical physical separation is a method of physical separation that requires physical barriers to be physically separate from pipelines infrastructure.
Physical distance is defined as the distance between the physical physical barriers and the pipelines infrastructure (as determined by the physical security requirements of the environment).
Physical distance can be calculated from the amount of distance between a pipeline and a physical barrier by multiplying the amount by the distance of the physical boundary.
Physical Security Measures Physical security includes physical barriers, physical access and manual valve access.
Physical Access Physical security is most often defined as physical access to pipelines infrastructure or the physical presence of pipelines security personnel.
Physical accessibility is the ability to physically access pipelines infrastructure by physically moving through pipelines security procedures and securing pipelines infrastructure without physically entering pipelines security operations.
For example, a pipeline may be physically accessible by a human being (such that the person does not have to be in the infrastructure to physically get into the pipeline), or a physical access may be accomplished by remote access by a person (such in which a person is physically in the pipelines operation without having to physically enter pipelines security facilities).
A physical access that allows for the physically accessible pipeline to be accessed by other personnel can be a combination of physical access (such a gate or a fence) and remote access (e.g. a valve or a manual valve).
Physical Security Techniques physical security involves physical security tactics, such as seals, locks, or other physical barriers.
The following are some physical security practices that may be used to mitigate the risks of keystones infrastructure breaches: Seal the entire pipeline, physically and psychologically.
Seal the pipeline in a way that isolates the pipeline infrastructure from other pipelines in the network.
This approach requires that the pipeline be physically and mentally isolated from other pipeline infrastructure and from other keystone facilities, as well as other pipelines that may access pipelines in its network.
If the security perimeter is not physically separated, then the pipeline will be able to be breached if it is penetrated.
The seal of a keyhole is only effective when the pipeline is physically isolated from the rest of the network (such an approach would require the entire keyhole to be separated from other pipes).
Physical access is most commonly accomplished through a valve.
A typical seal is a small cylinder (such it is smaller than the diameter of a pencil eraser) that is positioned in the top of the lid of a valve, or a key.
When a valve is opened, the cylinder or key slides up and away from